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PWM/SERVO DRIVER SHIELD Sketches
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PWM/SERVO DRIVER SHIELD Sketches

by Olie426 on Fri Jul 20, 2018 4:57 pm

Hello all. I am new to Arduino and have only used my Uno for very basic tasks. I am trying to run two servos that are controlled by an on-off-on toggle via the PWM/Servo shield. I am able to successfully run them straight from the Uno board but I wanted to add the shield so down the road I can run more servos and LEDs. I installed theAdafruit_PWMServoDriver.h and tried to make sense of it, I'm lost. Can someone point me in a direction to where I might be able to see or use as a template sketch that runs this shield? I have been unable to find anything searching the forums that made sense to me. I know using the shield is overkill but I need to learn this stuff for future upgrades.

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Re: PWM/SERVO DRIVER SHIELD Sketches

by franklin97355 on Fri Jul 20, 2018 8:38 pm

Have you read through this tutorial yet?

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Re: PWM/SERVO DRIVER SHIELD Sketches

by Olie426 on Fri Jul 20, 2018 10:33 pm

Yes, that is where I started.

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Re: PWM/SERVO DRIVER SHIELD Sketches

by franklin97355 on Fri Jul 20, 2018 11:59 pm

What do you get when you run the servo example?

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Re: PWM/SERVO DRIVER SHIELD Sketches

by Olie426 on Sat Jul 21, 2018 11:12 am

The servo sweeps. If I load the sketch that works with the switch, nothing happens but that is to be expected because it's not set up for the servo shield.

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Re: PWM/SERVO DRIVER SHIELD Sketches

by franklin97355 on Sat Jul 21, 2018 12:31 pm

Post your code and we will have a look.

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Re: PWM/SERVO DRIVER SHIELD Sketches

by Olie426 on Sat Jul 21, 2018 1:42 pm

Code: Select all | TOGGLE FULL SIZE
#include <Servo.h>

Servo servoLeft;          // Define left servo
Servo servoRight;         // Define right servo

// Use single on-off-on toggle to control servo position.
// First position moves from X to Y degrees
// Second position moves from Y to X degrees

int pos = 0;    // variable to store the servo position and starting position
int buttonApin = 4;
int buttonBpin = 8;

bool buttonAstatus; // stores button state
bool buttonBstatus;

void setup()
{
  Serial.begin(9600);
  Serial.print("Running v2.0 of Servo controlled by toggle and Nano.");
  pinMode(buttonApin, INPUT_PULLUP);
  pinMode(buttonBpin, INPUT_PULLUP);
 
  buttonAstatus = digitalRead(buttonApin);
  buttonBstatus = digitalRead(buttonBpin);
  Serial.println(buttonAstatus);
  Serial.println(buttonBstatus);
 
  servoLeft.attach(10);  // Set left servo to digital pin 10
  servoRight.attach(9);  // Set right servo to digital pin 9
}

void loop()
{
  buttonAstatus = digitalRead(buttonApin);
  buttonBstatus = digitalRead(buttonBpin);
  Serial.println(buttonAstatus);
  Serial.println(buttonBstatus);
 
  if (buttonAstatus == LOW)
  {
    servoLeft.write((digitalRead(10)) ? 75: 145);
    servoRight.write((digitalRead(9)) ? 75: 145);
    {
      Serial.print(pos);
    }
  }
 
  if (buttonBstatus == LOW)
  {
    servoLeft.write((digitalRead(10)) ? 145 : 75);
    servoRight.write((digitalRead(9)) ? 145 : 75);
    {
      Serial.print(pos);
    }
  }
}

Thank you. If I can see what it would look like with the servo shield, I can play around until I get it down. I want to learn this stuff, but I need a starting point. The code I posted is without the servo shield. I was digging into it to control the servo speed when I found Adafruits servo shield. For what I'm using the Arduino for (model train layout), it will allow me to control LED lighting along with the servos, all wrapped into one. That would be awesome!

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Re: PWM/SERVO DRIVER SHIELD Sketches

by franklin97355 on Sat Jul 21, 2018 5:22 pm

But have you tried this?
Code: Select all | TOGGLE FULL SIZE
/***************************************************
  This is an example for our Adafruit 16-channel PWM & Servo driver
  Servo test - this will drive 8 servos, one after the other on the
  first 8 pins of the PCA9685

  Pick one up today in the adafruit shop!
  ------> http://www.adafruit.com/products/815
 
  These drivers use I2C to communicate, 2 pins are required to 
  interface.

  Adafruit invests time and resources providing this open source code,
  please support Adafruit and open-source hardware by purchasing
  products from Adafruit!

  Written by Limor Fried/Ladyada for Adafruit Industries. 
  BSD license, all text above must be included in any redistribution
 ****************************************************/

#include <Wire.h>
#include <Adafruit_PWMServoDriver.h>

// called this way, it uses the default address 0x40
Adafruit_PWMServoDriver pwm = Adafruit_PWMServoDriver();
// you can also call it with a different address you want
//Adafruit_PWMServoDriver pwm = Adafruit_PWMServoDriver(0x41);
// you can also call it with a different address and I2C interface
//Adafruit_PWMServoDriver pwm = Adafruit_PWMServoDriver(&Wire, 0x40);

// Depending on your servo make, the pulse width min and max may vary, you
// want these to be as small/large as possible without hitting the hard stop
// for max range. You'll have to tweak them as necessary to match the servos you
// have!
#define SERVOMIN  150 // this is the 'minimum' pulse length count (out of 4096)
#define SERVOMAX  600 // this is the 'maximum' pulse length count (out of 4096)

// our servo # counter
uint8_t servonum = 0;

void setup() {
  Serial.begin(9600);
  Serial.println("8 channel Servo test!");

  pwm.begin();
 
  pwm.setPWMFreq(60);  // Analog servos run at ~60 Hz updates

  delay(10);
}

// you can use this function if you'd like to set the pulse length in seconds
// e.g. setServoPulse(0, 0.001) is a ~1 millisecond pulse width. its not precise!
void setServoPulse(uint8_t n, double pulse) {
  double pulselength;
 
  pulselength = 1000000;   // 1,000,000 us per second
  pulselength /= 60;   // 60 Hz
  Serial.print(pulselength); Serial.println(" us per period");
  pulselength /= 4096;  // 12 bits of resolution
  Serial.print(pulselength); Serial.println(" us per bit");
  pulse *= 1000000;  // convert to us
  pulse /= pulselength;
  Serial.println(pulse);
  pwm.setPWM(n, 0, pulse);
}

void loop() {
  // Drive each servo one at a time
  Serial.println(servonum);
  for (uint16_t pulselen = SERVOMIN; pulselen < SERVOMAX; pulselen++) {
    pwm.setPWM(servonum, 0, pulselen);
  }

  delay(500);
  for (uint16_t pulselen = SERVOMAX; pulselen > SERVOMIN; pulselen--) {
    pwm.setPWM(servonum, 0, pulselen);
  }

  delay(500);

  servonum ++;
  if (servonum > 7) servonum = 0;
}

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Re: PWM/SERVO DRIVER SHIELD Sketches

by Olie426 on Sat Jul 21, 2018 6:21 pm

Yes. The servo sweeps. What I want to do is control when, how far and how fast when the on-off-on switch is moved to another position. On the PWM sketch it sweeps the servos one at a time without input from an outside source. Is it simply placing the code:
int buttonApin = 4; int buttonBpin = 8; (I know there's more, just wanted to keep it simple) then soldering pins on the PWM shield to 4 and 8 for the switch? Obviously the servos will no longer be on pin 9 and 10, are they just named servonum 1 and servonum 2?

Sorry for all the questions, once the light bulb goes off and I get the gist of PWM sketches I should be good, just really confusing right now. I'm probably over thinking it.

Thanks again for your help.

Olie426
 
Posts: 8
Joined: Fri Jul 20, 2018 4:50 pm

Re: PWM/SERVO DRIVER SHIELD Sketches

by Olie426 on Wed Jul 25, 2018 10:33 pm

I hope this thread hasn't died.....still looking for some guidance.

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Re: PWM/SERVO DRIVER SHIELD Sketches

by Olie426 on Wed Aug 08, 2018 6:04 am

Anyone have any guidance?

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Re: PWM/SERVO DRIVER SHIELD Sketches

by adafruit_support_bill on Wed Aug 08, 2018 6:12 am

It looks like you have code to read the buttons already working with the Arduino Servo library.

You can replace those calls to Servo.write() with calls to pwm.setPWM(). There is no need to 'attach' a servo to a pin. Simply plug it into the servo header on the shield. The PWM channel for your setPWM calls will be the same as the header position your servo is plugged into.

You can use the Arduino "map()" function to convert between degrees and pulse length:
https://learn.adafruit.com/16-channel-p ... ength-6-12

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Re: PWM/SERVO DRIVER SHIELD Sketches

by Olie426 on Wed Aug 08, 2018 6:17 am

Sweet! Thank you. I will try it out this evening and see what I can do.

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Please be positive and constructive with your questions and comments.