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128x64 OLED White Display Slow Frame Rate
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128x64 OLED White Display Slow Frame Rate

by dakila on Fri Jun 18, 2021 10:58 pm

Running the 128x64 OLED display off of an Arduino Beetle.
Able to display everything I want to display, however the framerate is abysmally slow.
This is some sample code provided with the display. It takes almost a minute for the text to move across the screen. What can I do to speed up the framerate?

Code: Select all | TOGGLE FULL SIZE
#include <Wire.h>
#include <Adafruit_GFX.h>
#include <Adafruit_SSD1306.h>


#define OLED_RESET 4
Adafruit_SSD1306 display(OLED_RESET);


#define linecount 8
String lines[linecount] =  {
"Arduino &",
"OLED",
"Display",
"",
"",
"",
"",
""};

int index = 64;


void setup() {
  display.begin(SSD1306_SWITCHCAPVCC, 0x3c
 );
  display.clearDisplay();
  display.display();
}

void loop() {
  display.clearDisplay();
  display.setCursor(0,index);
  display.setTextSize(2);
  display.setTextColor(WHITE);
  for (int i = 0; i < linecount; i++) {
    display.println(lines[i]);
  }
  index--;
  display.display();
}

This is the hardware im using.
https://www.amazon.com/DFRobot-DFR0282- ... pwn%20pins.
Last edited by adafruit_support_carter on Tue Jun 22, 2021 12:47 pm, edited 1 time in total.
Reason: added [code] tags

dakila
 
Posts: 5
Joined: Tue Jan 21, 2020 9:52 pm

Re: 128x64 OLED White Display Slow Frame Rate

by blnkjns on Sun Jun 20, 2021 9:10 am

This is an unfortunate result of using I2C for communication. You're better of with the SPI variant of the display.
I'm not totally sure if you use an I2C diplay, as you only show the board used, but I can assure a 32U4 board as used is not the limiting factor here.

blnkjns
 
Posts: 663
Joined: Fri Oct 02, 2020 3:33 am

Re: 128x64 OLED White Display Slow Frame Rate

by dakila on Wed Jun 30, 2021 1:03 am

blnkjns wrote:This is an unfortunate result of using I2C for communication. You're better of with the SPI variant of the display.
I'm not totally sure if you use an I2C diplay, as you only show the board used, but I can assure a 32U4 board as used is not the limiting factor here.


Thank you very much for that info. I got an SPI screen now, but Im having trouble configuring the connections. I got this screen https://www.amazon.com/dp/B01N1LZQA8?re ... tails&th=1

I figured out that d0 and d1 are for SCL and SDA respectively but Im confused where to connect RES DC and CS

I am using the default library code for SPI, I have yet to modify it to fit my board. Can someone point me in the right direction?

/**************************************************************************
This is an example for our Monochrome OLEDs based on SSD1306 drivers

Pick one up today in the adafruit shop!
------> http://www.adafruit.com/category/63_98

This example is for a 128x64 pixel display using SPI to communicate
4 or 5 pins are required to interface.

Adafruit invests time and resources providing this open
source code, please support Adafruit and open-source
hardware by purchasing products from Adafruit!

Written by Limor Fried/Ladyada for Adafruit Industries,
with contributions from the open source community.
BSD license, check license.txt for more information
All text above, and the splash screen below must be
included in any redistribution.
**************************************************************************/

#include <SPI.h>
#include <Wire.h>
#include <Adafruit_GFX.h>
#include <Adafruit_SSD1306.h>

#define SCREEN_WIDTH 128 // OLED display width, in pixels
#define SCREEN_HEIGHT 64 // OLED display height, in pixels

// Declaration for SSD1306 display connected using software SPI (default case):
#define OLED_MOSI 9
#define OLED_CLK 10
#define OLED_DC 11
#define OLED_CS 12
#define OLED_RESET 13
Adafruit_SSD1306 display(SCREEN_WIDTH, SCREEN_HEIGHT,
OLED_MOSI, OLED_CLK, OLED_DC, OLED_RESET, OLED_CS);

/* Comment out above, uncomment this block to use hardware SPI
#define OLED_DC 6
#define OLED_CS 7
#define OLED_RESET 8
Adafruit_SSD1306 display(SCREEN_WIDTH, SCREEN_HEIGHT,
&SPI, OLED_DC, OLED_RESET, OLED_CS);
*/

#define NUMFLAKES 10 // Number of snowflakes in the animation example

#define LOGO_HEIGHT 16
#define LOGO_WIDTH 16
static const unsigned char PROGMEM logo_bmp[] =
{ B00000000, B11000000,
B00000001, B11000000,
B00000001, B11000000,
B00000011, B11100000,
B11110011, B11100000,
B11111110, B11111000,
B01111110, B11111111,
B00110011, B10011111,
B00011111, B11111100,
B00001101, B01110000,
B00011011, B10100000,
B00111111, B11100000,
B00111111, B11110000,
B01111100, B11110000,
B01110000, B01110000,
B00000000, B00110000 };

void setup() {
Serial.begin(9600);

// SSD1306_SWITCHCAPVCC = generate display voltage from 3.3V internally
if(!display.begin(SSD1306_SWITCHCAPVCC)) {
Serial.println(F("SSD1306 allocation failed"));
for(;;); // Don't proceed, loop forever
}


// Show initial display buffer contents on the screen --
// the library initializes this with an Adafruit splash screen.
display.display();
delay(2000); // Pause for 2 seconds

// Clear the buffer
display.clearDisplay();

// Draw a single pixel in white
display.drawPixel(10, 10, SSD1306_WHITE);

// Show the display buffer on the screen. You MUST call display() after
// drawing commands to make them visible on screen!
display.display();
delay(2000);
// display.display() is NOT necessary after every single drawing command,
// unless that's what you want...rather, you can batch up a bunch of
// drawing operations and then update the screen all at once by calling
// display.display(). These examples demonstrate both approaches...

testdrawline(); // Draw many lines

testdrawrect(); // Draw rectangles (outlines)

testfillrect(); // Draw rectangles (filled)

testdrawcircle(); // Draw circles (outlines)

testfillcircle(); // Draw circles (filled)

testdrawroundrect(); // Draw rounded rectangles (outlines)

testfillroundrect(); // Draw rounded rectangles (filled)

testdrawtriangle(); // Draw triangles (outlines)

testfilltriangle(); // Draw triangles (filled)

testdrawchar(); // Draw characters of the default font

testdrawstyles(); // Draw 'stylized' characters

testscrolltext(); // Draw scrolling text

testdrawbitmap(); // Draw a small bitmap image

// Invert and restore display, pausing in-between
display.invertDisplay(true);
delay(1000);
display.invertDisplay(false);
delay(1000);

testanimate(logo_bmp, LOGO_WIDTH, LOGO_HEIGHT); // Animate bitmaps
}

void loop() {
}

void testdrawline() {
int16_t i;

display.clearDisplay(); // Clear display buffer

for(i=0; i<display.width(); i+=4) {
display.drawLine(0, 0, i, display.height()-1, SSD1306_WHITE);
display.display(); // Update screen with each newly-drawn line
delay(1);
}
for(i=0; i<display.height(); i+=4) {
display.drawLine(0, 0, display.width()-1, i, SSD1306_WHITE);
display.display();
delay(1);
}
delay(250);

display.clearDisplay();

for(i=0; i<display.width(); i+=4) {
display.drawLine(0, display.height()-1, i, 0, SSD1306_WHITE);
display.display();
delay(1);
}
for(i=display.height()-1; i>=0; i-=4) {
display.drawLine(0, display.height()-1, display.width()-1, i, SSD1306_WHITE);
display.display();
delay(1);
}
delay(250);

display.clearDisplay();

for(i=display.width()-1; i>=0; i-=4) {
display.drawLine(display.width()-1, display.height()-1, i, 0, SSD1306_WHITE);
display.display();
delay(1);
}
for(i=display.height()-1; i>=0; i-=4) {
display.drawLine(display.width()-1, display.height()-1, 0, i, SSD1306_WHITE);
display.display();
delay(1);
}
delay(250);

display.clearDisplay();

for(i=0; i<display.height(); i+=4) {
display.drawLine(display.width()-1, 0, 0, i, SSD1306_WHITE);
display.display();
delay(1);
}
for(i=0; i<display.width(); i+=4) {
display.drawLine(display.width()-1, 0, i, display.height()-1, SSD1306_WHITE);
display.display();
delay(1);
}

delay(2000); // Pause for 2 seconds
}

void testdrawrect(void) {
display.clearDisplay();

for(int16_t i=0; i<display.height()/2; i+=2) {
display.drawRect(i, i, display.width()-2*i, display.height()-2*i, SSD1306_WHITE);
display.display(); // Update screen with each newly-drawn rectangle
delay(1);
}

delay(2000);
}

void testfillrect(void) {
display.clearDisplay();

for(int16_t i=0; i<display.height()/2; i+=3) {
// The INVERSE color is used so rectangles alternate white/black
display.fillRect(i, i, display.width()-i*2, display.height()-i*2, SSD1306_INVERSE);
display.display(); // Update screen with each newly-drawn rectangle
delay(1);
}

delay(2000);
}

void testdrawcircle(void) {
display.clearDisplay();

for(int16_t i=0; i<max(display.width(),display.height())/2; i+=2) {
display.drawCircle(display.width()/2, display.height()/2, i, SSD1306_WHITE);
display.display();
delay(1);
}

delay(2000);
}

void testfillcircle(void) {
display.clearDisplay();

for(int16_t i=max(display.width(),display.height())/2; i>0; i-=3) {
// The INVERSE color is used so circles alternate white/black
display.fillCircle(display.width() / 2, display.height() / 2, i, SSD1306_INVERSE);
display.display(); // Update screen with each newly-drawn circle
delay(1);
}

delay(2000);
}

void testdrawroundrect(void) {
display.clearDisplay();

for(int16_t i=0; i<display.height()/2-2; i+=2) {
display.drawRoundRect(i, i, display.width()-2*i, display.height()-2*i,
display.height()/4, SSD1306_WHITE);
display.display();
delay(1);
}

delay(2000);
}

void testfillroundrect(void) {
display.clearDisplay();

for(int16_t i=0; i<display.height()/2-2; i+=2) {
// The INVERSE color is used so round-rects alternate white/black
display.fillRoundRect(i, i, display.width()-2*i, display.height()-2*i,
display.height()/4, SSD1306_INVERSE);
display.display();
delay(1);
}

delay(2000);
}

void testdrawtriangle(void) {
display.clearDisplay();

for(int16_t i=0; i<max(display.width(),display.height())/2; i+=5) {
display.drawTriangle(
display.width()/2 , display.height()/2-i,
display.width()/2-i, display.height()/2+i,
display.width()/2+i, display.height()/2+i, SSD1306_WHITE);
display.display();
delay(1);
}

delay(2000);
}

void testfilltriangle(void) {
display.clearDisplay();

for(int16_t i=max(display.width(),display.height())/2; i>0; i-=5) {
// The INVERSE color is used so triangles alternate white/black
display.fillTriangle(
display.width()/2 , display.height()/2-i,
display.width()/2-i, display.height()/2+i,
display.width()/2+i, display.height()/2+i, SSD1306_INVERSE);
display.display();
delay(1);
}

delay(2000);
}

void testdrawchar(void) {
display.clearDisplay();

display.setTextSize(1); // Normal 1:1 pixel scale
display.setTextColor(SSD1306_WHITE); // Draw white text
display.setCursor(0, 0); // Start at top-left corner
display.cp437(true); // Use full 256 char 'Code Page 437' font

// Not all the characters will fit on the display. This is normal.
// Library will draw what it can and the rest will be clipped.
for(int16_t i=0; i<256; i++) {
if(i == '\n') display.write(' ');
else display.write(i);
}

display.display();
delay(2000);
}

void testdrawstyles(void) {
display.clearDisplay();

display.setTextSize(1); // Normal 1:1 pixel scale
display.setTextColor(SSD1306_WHITE); // Draw white text
display.setCursor(0,0); // Start at top-left corner
display.println(F("Hello, world!"));

display.setTextColor(SSD1306_BLACK, SSD1306_WHITE); // Draw 'inverse' text
display.println(3.141592);

display.setTextSize(2); // Draw 2X-scale text
display.setTextColor(SSD1306_WHITE);
display.print(F("0x")); display.println(0xDEADBEEF, HEX);

display.display();
delay(2000);
}

void testscrolltext(void) {
display.clearDisplay();

display.setTextSize(2); // Draw 2X-scale text
display.setTextColor(SSD1306_WHITE);
display.setCursor(10, 0);
display.println(F("scroll"));
display.display(); // Show initial text
delay(100);

// Scroll in various directions, pausing in-between:
display.startscrollright(0x00, 0x0F);
delay(2000);
display.stopscroll();
delay(1000);
display.startscrollleft(0x00, 0x0F);
delay(2000);
display.stopscroll();
delay(1000);
display.startscrolldiagright(0x00, 0x07);
delay(2000);
display.startscrolldiagleft(0x00, 0x07);
delay(2000);
display.stopscroll();
delay(1000);
}

void testdrawbitmap(void) {
display.clearDisplay();

display.drawBitmap(
(display.width() - LOGO_WIDTH ) / 2,
(display.height() - LOGO_HEIGHT) / 2,
logo_bmp, LOGO_WIDTH, LOGO_HEIGHT, 1);
display.display();
delay(1000);
}

#define XPOS 0 // Indexes into the 'icons' array in function below
#define YPOS 1
#define DELTAY 2

void testanimate(const uint8_t *bitmap, uint8_t w, uint8_t h) {
int8_t f, icons[NUMFLAKES][3];

// Initialize 'snowflake' positions
for(f=0; f< NUMFLAKES; f++) {
icons[f][XPOS] = random(1 - LOGO_WIDTH, display.width());
icons[f][YPOS] = -LOGO_HEIGHT;
icons[f][DELTAY] = random(1, 6);
Serial.print(F("x: "));
Serial.print(icons[f][XPOS], DEC);
Serial.print(F(" y: "));
Serial.print(icons[f][YPOS], DEC);
Serial.print(F(" dy: "));
Serial.println(icons[f][DELTAY], DEC);
}

for(;;) { // Loop forever...
display.clearDisplay(); // Clear the display buffer

// Draw each snowflake:
for(f=0; f< NUMFLAKES; f++) {
display.drawBitmap(icons[f][XPOS], icons[f][YPOS], bitmap, w, h, SSD1306_WHITE);
}

display.display(); // Show the display buffer on the screen
delay(200); // Pause for 1/10 second

// Then update coordinates of each flake...
for(f=0; f< NUMFLAKES; f++) {
icons[f][YPOS] += icons[f][DELTAY];
// If snowflake is off the bottom of the screen...
if (icons[f][YPOS] >= display.height()) {
// Reinitialize to a random position, just off the top
icons[f][XPOS] = random(1 - LOGO_WIDTH, display.width());
icons[f][YPOS] = -LOGO_HEIGHT;
icons[f][DELTAY] = random(1, 6);
}
}
}
}

dakila
 
Posts: 5
Joined: Tue Jan 21, 2020 9:52 pm

Re: 128x64 OLED White Display Slow Frame Rate

by blnkjns on Thu Jul 01, 2021 6:58 am

Do you connect through the ISCP header? That is the small 6 solder islands under the USB port?
Image
They are from top left to bottom right:
5V, COPI (used to be MOSI), GND
CIPO (before BLM known as MISO), Clock, Reset
Image
Feel free to use D9-D11 as you like for CS and DC

blnkjns
 
Posts: 663
Joined: Fri Oct 02, 2020 3:33 am

Re: 128x64 OLED White Display Slow Frame Rate

by dakila on Thu Jul 01, 2021 6:24 pm

Ahh its the 6 little islands, thank you so much.
Ok I think I got it from here, I appreciate all the help.

dakila
 
Posts: 5
Joined: Tue Jan 21, 2020 9:52 pm

Please be positive and constructive with your questions and comments.